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10 world's most expensive and beautiful Gems

1. The Allnatt Diamond

The Allnatt Diamond is a diamond measuring 101.29 carats ( 20.258 g ) with a cushion cut , rated in color as Fancy Vivid Yellow by the Gemological Institute of America. This diamond is named after one of the holders , Major Alfred Ernest Allnatt, a soldier, sportsman, art protector and helper. Although it is not known exactly where it originated Allnatt, many experts believe that it may be found in what is now known as the De Beers Premier Diamond Mine.
Allnatt origins are not known before purchasing Mayor Allnatt of diamonds in the early 1950's. After purchasing a diamond, he commissioned Cartier to make arrangements for it. Last setting is platinum flower with five petals, two stems and leaves, all set with diamonds. The Allnatt was sold at auction in May 1996 by Christie's auction house In Geneva for $ 3,043,496. At the time of its sale in Allnatt is 102.07 carats ( 20.41 g ) and assessed Fancy Intense Yellow. After the sale to Siba Corporation, a diamond was re-cut into heavy current and intensity increased as a result .

2. The Moussaieff Red Diamond

Moussaieff Red is displayed as part of the Smithsonian The Splendor of Diamonds. Exhibits in addition to the De Beers Millennium Star and The Heart of Eternity.Moussaieff Red is reported to have been found by a Brazilian farmer in Abaetezinho river in 1990, in an area known as Alto Paranaiba who has a reputation as a great source of beautiful and colorful berlian.secara rude, it is believed to be 13.9 carats ( 2.78 g ).The diamond was purchased and cut by the William Goldberg Diamond Corp. , where it went by its original name the Red Shield. It is currently owned by Moussaieff Jewellers Ltd. Currently owned by Moussaieff Jewellers Ltd.The Moussaieff Red Diamond is a diamond measuring 5.11 carats ( 1,022 g ) with a triangular brilliant cut ( sometimes called a trillion or a Trilliant cut ), rated in color as Fancy Red by the Gemological Institute of America. 

3. The Heart of Eternity   

The Heart of Eternity is a diamond measuring 27.64 carats ( 5,528 g ) , color assessed as Fancy Vivid Blue by the Gemological Institute of America . The Heart of Eternity was cut by the Steinmetz Group , which has a diamond before selling to the De Beers Group .
The Heart of Eternity is a member of a very rare class of colored diamonds . It was found at the Premier Diamond Mine in South Africa. Blue ( Type IIb ) diamonds account is less than 0.1 % of the output from the Premier mine , which is the only mine in the world with a pretty blue diamond production . Of the ten colored diamonds that attract the highest bids , six out of ten it's blue diamond , rating values ??as high as $ 550,000 to $ 580,000 per carat ( $ 2750-2900 / mg ) .
The Heart of Eternity was unveiled in January 2000 as part of the De Beers Millennium Jewels collection , which includes Millennium Star . The Heart of Eternity is featured with ten other blue diamonds ; collection of blue diamonds reached 118 carats ( 23.6 g ) . De Beers Millennium Jewels were displayed in London Millennium Dome throughout 2000 . On 7 November 2000 attempt to steal a collection thwarted .
During the exhibition at the Smithsonian , the Heart of Eternity was recorded on loan from private collectors , giving rise to speculation that it was a sold during the exhibition at the Millennium Dome in London .

4. Wittelsbach Diamond

Wittelsbach Diamond is also known as Der Blaue Wittelsbacher is 35.56 carats (7.11 g) blue diamond with VS 2 clarity that has been appreciated by European aristocracy for centuries. It has become part of both Austrian and Bavarian crown jewels.
Color and clarity have been compared with the Hope Diamond. Diamond size 24. 40 mm in diameter and 8. 29 mm in depth. Facet 82 has been arranged in an atypical pattern. In terms of the crown vertically split and the pavilion has sixteen needle-like facets, arranged in pairs, pointing outward from the culet facet.

5. The Steinmetz Pink 

The Steinmetz Pink is the diamond weighing 59.60 carats (11.92 grams), given a color as Fancy Vivid Pink by the Gemological Institute of America. The Steinmetz Pink is the largest known diamond has been given Vivid Pink. As a result of this incredible rarity, the Steinmetz Group took careful 20 months to cut the Pink. It was introduced in Monaco on May 29, 2003, in a public ceremony.
The Steinmetz Pink is displayed as part of the Smithsonian??'s?? The Splendor of Diamonds?? exhibits, in addition to the De Beers Millennium Star, the second largest in the world (the largest Centenary Diamond) on color (D) is internally and externally flawless pear-shaped diamond at 203.04 carats (40 608 g), the Heart of Eternity Diamond, a 27.64 carats (5,582 g) blue diamond heart-pieces and Moussaieff Red Diamond, the world's largest known Fancy Red diamond at 5.11 carats (1.102 g).

6. De Beers Centenary Diamond 

De Beers Centenary Diamond, at 273.85 carats (54.77 g), the third largest diamond has been produced in the Premier Mine. The Centenary Diamond D levels were classified by color as color by the Gemological Institute of America, which is the highest grade diamond is colorless and internally and externally flawless. Centenary Diamond was named as shown in the rough for Centennial.The Centenary Diamond was unveiled in final form in May 1991.

7. Hope Diamond

Hope Diamond is a large, 45.52 carats (9.10 g), housed in the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in Washington, DC blue Hope Diamond to the naked eye because of trace amounts of boron in the crystal structure, but exhibits a red phosphor under ultraviolet light. It is classified as a Type IIb diamond, and is famous for being a curse.

8. The Cullinan Diamond

The Cullinan diamond is the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found, at 3,106.75 carats (621.35 g).
biggest polished stone gemstone named Cullinan I or the First Star of Africa, and at 530.2 carats (106.0 g) is the largest diamond in the world until the 1985 discovery of the Golden Jubilee Diamond, 545.67 carats (109.13 g), also from the Premier Mine. Cullinan I is now mounted in the head with a stick Cross. The second largest gem from the Cullinan stone, Cullinan II or the Little Star of Africa, at 317.4 carats (63.5 g), is the fourth largest diamond in the world. Both gems are in the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.
9. The Sancy Diamond 
The Sancy Diamond, a pale yellow diamond of 55.23 carats (5.11 g), once belonging to famous ancient Great Mogul, but more likely from India who was cut because of the unusual with Western standards.
Shield-shaped stone consists of two back-to-back crowns (the typical upper stone) but does not have any resemblance to a pavilion (the bottom of the stone, below the belt or the middle of the body).
10. Koh-i-Noor Diamond  
Commonly known Mount Light of Persian , also spelled Kohinoor , Koh - e Noor or Koh - i - Nur is 105 carats ( 21.6 g ) diamond that was once the largest known diamond in the world . The Kohinoor originated at Golconda in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India . It is owned by various Sikh , Mughal and Persian rulers who fought bitterly over it at various points in history and seized as a spoil of war time and again . After completely ignoring the Maharaja Ranjit Singh's Will was finally seized by the East India Company and became part of the British Crown Jewels when British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli declared Empress Queen Victoria India in 1877 . It is a legend that anyone who has the Koh - i - Noor ruled the world .The possibility of a curse pertaining to ownership of the diamond dates back to a Hindu text relating to the first authenticated appearance of the diamond in 1306 :He who owns this diamond will own the world , but will also know all its misfortunes .  She owns this diamond will own the world , but will also know all misfortune . Only God , or a woman , can wear it freely


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